A protest is the deed with which an authorised Public Officer, also known as the raising officer (notary, court official, municipal clerk), ascertains the failed acceptance of a bill of exchange or the failed payment of a promissory note, a bank cheque or a post office cheque.
At the end of each month, the raising officers
Protests are published in order to safeguard those who have economic relations with the protested party.
Within 10 days of the list being transmitted, the Chambers of Commerce arrange for publication of protests in the Register of the same name (Register of Protests), set up under Law No. 480 of 11/151995: this Register, which is in electronic form only, can be accessed by the public for consultation, both at the Chamber of Commerce and on-line (Registro Imprese / Telemaco web service).
The electronic Register of Protests contains the following as regards
Information on each protest raised is stored in the Register of Protests until it is cancelled. Cancellation takes place following presentation of the relevant motion (e.g. payment made, illegitimate or incorrect protest).
Cancellation of the protest data is ordered by the Chairman of the competent Chamber of Commerce within not more than twenty days of presentation of the relevant motion, complete with the relevant rehabilitation order.
In the absence of said cancellation, the information on each protest raised is stored in the Register for 5 years from the date of registration.
When the protest data is finally cancelled from the Register, it is considered, to all intents and purposes, never to have taken place.
When searching it is possible to specify the name of the individual against whom the protest has been raised or who refused the payment (generally an individual, sometimes a company) indicating any other additional information such as the area (region and/or province) and the date of birth.
The Protests search may be positive or negative: in the former case the system returns the occasions identified, with the essential data identifying each protested party (name, home address, district and province of residence, date of birth, any tax code).
On having identified the position of interest, it is possible to request the Protests Report (with a list of the instruments); if the search is negative it is possible to request the NO Protests Report.